Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on global security

    by:
  • Anna Smorgunova (Associate Professor of Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Chief Consultant of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (anna_smorgunova@yahoo.com))

Transnational organized crime has many faces – drug and human trafficking, money laundering, terrorism financing, corruption of public officials, etc. There is controversy over the very existence of the transnational organized crime phenomenon. However, at certain times in history this type of criminal activity acquires a lot of attention from politicians and policy-makers as they try to implement a number of more or less theoretically grounded and successful policy solutions. Therefore, identifying proper criminals and victims, correctly assessing the damage caused by this type of crime and selecting a proper response strategy based on knowledge produced by criminologists can be a challenging task. Transnational organized crime has become one of the primary focuses for criminologists and policy-makers on international level at the end of the XX century. Since then a number of volumes have been written about organized crime, but the editors of this particular book managed to collect essays that reflect and provide understanding of the most controversial debates on the origins, definitions, identification, measurement, and evolution of policy responses to transnational organized criminal activities. Initially the papers published in the book were presented at a series of six seminars held in 1999-2001 funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). These seminars were headed ‘Policy Responses to Transnational Organized Crime’ and were aimed at exploring theoretical and practical issues related to transnational organized crime with a view to cultivating a dialogue between academics involved in researching organized crime and policy-makers and producing knowledge relevant to governing security threats.

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